Sustainable Lifestyle

Save The Environment By Using Eco-Friendly Bags

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Plastic was a great invention back in the olden days that was used in almost every household materials. Even today, plastic is used in almost every industry. However, plastic has been contaminating the earth as well. Humans are using over 160,000 plastic bags every second which means more than 5 trillion plastic bags will pollute the earth.

Moreover, plastic is not biodegradable which means it would take around 700-100 years to degrade and that is the reason why people are finding alternative solutions to it. Although when it comes to packaging materials, it always revolves around plastics and paper bags. While there are a number of better ways to get bags that will converse the environment beyond being highly convenient in carrying items around such as reusable shopping bags. There are many advantages of using eco-friendly over plastic bags which you can read in this article.


There is a plastic bag tax that increased the cost of plastic bags for both retailers and shoppers which makes a purchase of reusable bags more appealing.

  • The average person will use about 13,000 plastic bags in his/her lifetime, which is about a 5p charge. This means you will be spending $650/year on just plastic bags.
  • On the other hand, a reusable bag can cost you anywhere between 50p to $1 but has a lifespan equivalent to 500 plastic bags. This also means that you can save $625 a year.
  • This is important as your customers are always looking forward to saving money where they can, so if you can explain to them this then they will be much happier.
  • Reusable bags are even washable, so if there is any spill inside then you can just wash it and use it again and again.
  • While there are many stores and supermarkets out there that offer their customers with bonuses and loyalty points for customers who bring their own reusable shopping bags.

Environmental Reasons

One of the biggest reasons to switch traditional plastic bags to reusable and eco-friendly bags comes from the environmental impact. However, in an age of social media where one negative incident can quickly spread like wildfire across the web and can damage your business’ reputation.

  • Each year plastic is responsible for millions of deaths of birds and other animals.
  • Another disadvantage of plastic bags is that it takes up to 1000 years to decompose.
  • Whereas eco-friendly bags are produced from a number of biodegradable materials like canvas or jute.
  • Eco-friendly bags from are an easy way to not only support environmentally friendly practices but to show it as well.


It goes without that at its very core the point of a bag is to be practical and for shopping bags that practical purpose to ensure the safe transport of your shopping. Moreover, reusable shopping bags offer a whole host of practical benefits.

  • Reusable and eco-friendly shopping bags provide your customers with a much sturdier and stronger solution than the old plastic bag.
  • With the use of materials such as cotton, reusable bags often have ergonomic handles that allow you to easily carry the bags.
  • Reusable bags are usually bigger in size than disposable bags but can be easily folded which will take up less room.
  • Although if you got a cool and funky design on your reusable bag then it can become a fashion accessory for your customers, ensuring that your brand is seen wherever they go.
  • Reusable bags are made from strong materials which means any leaks or spills inside the bag and prevents it from making any mess.


Styling Tips For Your Nursery

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Styling a nursery is one of the many activities parents are excited about. While some parents go overboard trying to style their kid’s room while others simply opt for nursery packages in Australia. These packages are often considered as a starter package that consists of basic furniture one might need for a newborn. Such packages might be available in several styles and themes to help parents decorate the room as per their liking.

There are also those who spare no item when decorating the nursery. This includes decorating the walls and buying designer cots as well as many other items baby dresser in Australia. Such a nursery will typically include items like a crib, dresser, glider, bookshelves, toy chest, changing table, rocker, etc.

Styling Tips

  • Many people prefer neutral colors in a child's room which is a good idea and also a cost-effective solution. In addition to this, it is also a good idea to make use of fancy wallpaper or wall stickers to transform the space into your nursery.
  • An average nursery will have several items that may either be arranged as per some theme or a simple practical arrangement. It is advisable to place a cot near the corner of the room for more playing areas and keeping the kids safe.
  • A bookcase is an essential item for any nursery since besides being adding to the aesthetical value of the room it also is quite practical. Parents often use books for the purpose of pacifying their children while they are growing up. It is necessary for the select the right size too.
  • Other styling items include durable rugs to protect the carpet underneath. Select ones made from good material to prevent unexpected spills.
  • Storage is essential if you have a newborn in the house; the need for good storage space increases as the child grows older too. There are several options when it comes to selecting storage space; this includes dedicated storage as well as innovative storage options integrated with other furniture items.
  • Age plays an important factor in selecting the right kind of furniture. The type of storage your child will require as a newborn is different from that when they grow older. The children will also outgrow the cots however; some of the furniture might come in handy for a longer duration. These are important factors to keep in mind when designing the nursery.
  • All parents prefer different styles; one of the styles making a comeback is the vintage style. Creating a vintages feeling may take some effort and will require to place classic vintage items like name plaques decorative hooks for bags and hats, etc. The theme of the room really boils down to personal preference and the theme of the house as well. 

Opting for Nursery Packages

Parents often opt for a nursery package. This is a package that consists of many of the common items one would require in a nursery. For example, such packages are known to include items like cot, a special mattress, a dresser, a changing pad, etc. There are many different types of nursery packages available hence the type of items and style will differ depending on the package you select.

There are infinite options when it comes to designing the nursery for your child, thus it is important not to go overboard while doing so. The best way to achieve this is to set a budget to start with, not spend on extra items that you are not likely to require them. It is a good idea to start the designing process early however, avoid over buying items by restricting the number of items to the essential and most important ones.


Get A Good Night’s Sleep With These Bedroom Style and Color Ideas

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Some people use their bedrooms for other things aside from sleeping. For some, it serves as a personal office or even a lounge room. But one way or another, it is a place for rest. It should provide you the relaxation and comfort both physically and mentally so you could get the energy you’ll need for the next day’s challenges.

We’ve all had those sleepless nights where no matter how much tossing and turning you do, sleep finds a way to elude you. There are lots of external and internal factors as to why you can’t go to sleep. Either you’re overthinking about tomorrow’s big meeting with clients or your bedroom’s current state is affecting you even without you noticing.

If it’s the latter, here are four easy bedroom style ideas you can use to help you get a good night’s sleep.

Accessible and relaxing lights

brown and white table lamp with light

If you’re someone like me, who likes to relax before bed by reading a book, having a bedside lamp in your nightstand is not only smart, but an essential item to have in your bedroom.

Placing lamps and on your bedside table makes it easier for you to access them right away. You don’t need to stand up and walk halfway across the room to turn off the light when all you wanted to do is to close your eyes and go to sleep. 

When selecting a good table lamp, stay away from the kinds that produce ultraviolet lights. It can suppress hormone production for circadian rhythm. Go for bedside lamps with the color hues similar to that of sunrise and sunset. 

Use soothing colors on your bedroom walls

empty bed inside room during daytime

Whether your favorite color is neon pink or acid green, having those types of colors on your bedroom walls is probably the main culprit of your lack of a good night’s sleep.

Colors have an immense influence on how you feel, more so if it’s the color of your bedroom walls. If the colors are warm and on the darker side, save those colors for social rooms such as your dining room and private lounge. Cool colors like pale blue, cool yellow, and light grey give off the impression of a calming environment which we are aiming to get in a bedroom. 

Going with the science of colors might be logical, but your personal preferences play a much bigger role in this. You want your bedroom to be relaxing and safe based on your own standards, and not because of what science dictates.

Pick a color that you’re drawn to. Then select the shade that sparks joy, comfort, and would help you be in a state of relaxation. If you’re drawn to pink, go with a light rose pink color rather than the hot neon pink shade.

Install blackout drapes

window curtain open wide

Imagine living in a big city like New York where almost everywhere is bright all the time that it literally lives up to its nickname as “The city that never sleeps.” Because of this modern lifestyle, people who live in big cities are often the ones who are not getting enough or even the best of sleep.

It is advisable though to dim the lights an hour before your set bedtime, but how are you going to do that with these lights from the street?

One easy hack to fix this is to opt for curtains with darkening shades. This helps block out the light coming from the outside.

Investing in a set can prevent or significantly lessen the outdoor lights from street lamps and establishments to entering your bedroom that can affect your mind and body’s so-called natural circadian rhythm. 

Maximize your bedroom’s floor space 

black table lamp on nightstand

If your bedroom is considerably small, having too many pieces of furniture, unnecessary stuff and clutter around what’s supposed to be your place of rest can cause uneasiness and sometimes anxiety for some which can be the principal cause of preventing them from having a good night’s sleep.

One way to do that is to apply the concept of minimalism in your bedroom. By keeping only the most bare essentials(bed, bedside table, reading lamp, curtains, and probably a few accessories), not only that you can maximize the bedroom’s floor space, you are also harnessing your mind to thinking your bedroom is a place for sleep which is what you should focus on when you’re there. 

One little hack I’ve learned is to install a mirror on a section of your wall to make the room appear larger and classy. They are cheaper alternatives and will add light to your space, making it feel airier. Rather than acquiring expensive wall art and decor, go for mirrors with nice frames. They are easier to mix and match no matter how small your space can be. 

If you’re not into minimalism, you can try to implement a smart storage strategy for your stuff. As much as possible, try to assign a home for things that get cluttered easily, such as clothes, books, shoes, and cosmetics. Try to keep your room as organized as you can, so you’re not worried about where to find things the next day or trip over some stuff in the middle of the night.

Bottom line

Getting a good night’s sleep is one of the many things you’ll need to maintain a healthy lifestyle. If you’re not getting enough of it, your current bedroom set up is probably one of the main culprits why. Investing a little bit of your time to doing at least one or two of the bedroom style ideas mentioned above would not only help you relax in your own space but also improve the quality of your sleep. 

Fashion Hysteria: 7 Fashion Tips And Tricks To Help You Look More Stylish

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Fashion trends are changing from time to time. Some say that fashion is all about dressing what's trending. A smart dresser or a fashionista is always seeking for what's new in the fashion industry, and this kind of habit makes a fashionista stylish.

It is a trait for most of the fashionistas to buy clothes and never wore it. You buy clothes to wear it, not to hold on it and stuck it on your wardrobe. Looking stylish isn't just about wearing expensive clothes or wearing the most popular and trendy dresses.

Sometimes, wearing a simple sunglasses would already make you more fashionable. So here are some tips and tricks to help you become stylish.

Wear At Least One Accessory

It's like going to school without bringing a pen, that's why accessories are a part of an outfit. It gives you a satisfying feeling and can make your clothing astonishing. Most women wear false eyelashes or eyelash extensions.

It is one of the most common and convenient accessories women wear to enhance their beauty. So, how long do eyelash extensions last? This kind of accessory lasts for almost eight weeks or two months.

Roll Up Your Sleeve

Rolling up the sleeves when wearing a button-up shirt can make a fashionable style to your clothing. It can add comfort and composure to your shirt. It looks good with long denim sleeves and dark coloured long sleeves.

Wear the Opposite Foot Wear

Whatever outfit you want to wear, choose the opposite style of shoes. For example, exchange high heels to flat booties, sandals to sneakers and sneaker to heels. The more it doesn't feel right, the more it fits.

Don’t Keep Or Buy Clothing that Doesn’t Fit

It is not right to cling on to items that no longer fit you. It's also not essential to buy clothes that don't fit your size for the reason that it is on sale or just hoping that one day you will be able to wear it.

Holding on to items that don't fit you anymore is the worst thing for your wardrobe. The best way to get rid of it is to put it on sale and buy another set of clothes that best suits you.

Go For Heels!

Heels heighten your look literally. It can boost your confidence physically and mentally. You are not obliged to wear heels every day, but including them in your collection can undoubtedly give you a lot of stylish benefits.

Wear Leather Jacket

It doesn't matter if you're wearing jeans, gown, or gym clothing. A black leather jacket or any good motorcycle jacket improves every outfit. Wearing a leather jacket is always a classic choice, it may not be a must but, leather jackets can be an excellent pair of most stylish clothing.

Be Confident

The most important trick to becoming stylish is to be confident in all aspects. The truth is, looking stylish comes down to being confident.  If you walk the streets wearing one of your elegant clothing with confidence, people will have to look at you and agree that the clothes you wear are suitable for you.


Wanting stylish clothing doesn't require you to spend much effort and money. You can wear anything you want effortlessly.  No matter what you're wearing, if you're confident and happy, you'll always look better inside and out.

These are just seven of the many tips and tricks to become stylish. If you want to become one, you can start slowly by getting rid of the clothes that you don't want anymore.  

Transpire Ethical Home: Go Green With Your Furniture Using These Approach

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You deeply care about our environment, thoughtfully practice the value of sustainability and considering the budget-friendly feature to all things. Plus, you may already do your role to follow an eco-friendly lifestyle, whether it means of taking a shorter shower to save water, biking going to the office rather than driving, or using and recycling energy saving bulbs.

But, as you're mastering these steps toward a greener lifestyle, you probably want to do more such as applying green practices to your entire home, particularly in your furniture.

Here, you'll find tips on making an eco-friendly home, which will end up in a more long-lasting investment, defend your health and of our planet as well, and a chance to create a high social impact while offering luxury and pleasing designs.

Cast the Furniture’s Durability

The green and eco-friendly furniture are the ones which warehouses are away from the landfills. Thus, there’s something to be spoken about investing in a high-quality furniture piece that is built to last.

For example, think about your grandparents’ dining sets that are probably still durable even for generations. Hence, by buying less and spending a little more money on high-quality furniture will save you and the environment as well in the long run.

Opt for Products with Recycled Materials

Recycling materials may require less preparation, and unlike in producing new materials, it only needs fewer resources. Purchasing products that are from recycled materials help to promote the market for the recycled resources.

Also, being aware of what “recyclable” actually means is essential. Thus, look for products with the certification from Cradle to Cradle, and avoid those "monstrous hybrid" products, since they are prone to recycling inappropriately.

Love those Pre-owned

Have this one to consider; try to acquire used furniture from different thrift shops, or at any garage sale. Buying secondhand furniture means that you won’t use any new materials by acquiring a lightly used item, though you may use a few resources to give it a new look.

Further, purchasing pre-owned furniture also prevents those large pieces from being dumped in landfills, where they will undoubtedly end up if their owners won't find them a new home.

Go with Bamboo

Another tip towards buying eco-friendly furniture, consider choosing furnishings made up of bamboo materials. For one thing, bamboo is a much sustainable material, durable, and it also grows fast.

Further, it’s an incredibly flexible material, while it can be applied to flooring, it can be into modern furniture as well. However, there are some things you should be aware of bamboo trees. For instance, bamboo furniture is held together by glue that contains toxic and harsh chemicals.

Though bamboo is abundant in China with lesser chemicals, cropping of bamboo uses a ton of water and can usually suck up all the nutrients from the soil.

Say No to Flame Retardants

Instead of off-gassing like the other chemicals, flame retardants usually fall out on cushioning. In detail, flame retardants are powders, which can get mixed with dust throughout the house.

Though flame retardants are designed to keep you safe, there isn’t enough proof of them making anything rather than releasing harmful fumes while your sofa burns.

To point out, avoid those products that are made out of foam, instead choose natural latex, wool, or cotton down. Further, you can also ask the manufacturer to find out if they're using any flame retardants.


Going green is greatly essential to most households in this generation. It can also create an impact regarding environmental issues and the increasing threat of global warming. Overall, whether you want to purchase new furnishings for your home, or you want to contribute reducing the further destruction of our environment, consider buying ethical furniture. By browsing internet sites such as Black Mango and other furniture shops, you can have the variety and choices according to your preference.

Fashion Sustainability in Progress: A Series

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When most people think of fashion brands, they immediately think of what fashion stands for them as an individual or an organization. For a fashion designer, it may be making patterns, prototypes, and the works. For a fashion blogger, it may be minimalistic fashion. For a consumer, it may be fashion trends. The truth is, most people don’t care about ethics when it comes to fashion, and probably not even the environment. If only they knew who makes their clothes, how they make and ship it to them, perspectives would change.

“The horrendously low prices that farmers get for their produce is a symptom of a society with warped priorities; we do not want to pay adequately to someone who keeps us alive, but we are willing to pay through our noses for branded shoes and gadgets. And in relation to the latter, we don’t even care what the actual factory worker gets.” –

Lack of information about these brands, how they produce and supply their products, how transparent they are about their operations keeps consumers in a state of ignorance. This is changing with the emergence of the slow fashion revolution. The Fashion Transparency Index ranks the levels of transparency of 100 of the biggest global fashion companies. It makes it easy for consumers and businesses to make informed decisions, it has saved lives and also protected our environment.

Fast fashion brands are adapting to the transparency and business risks by being more resourceful, ethical, and technologically advanced. But, what exactly are they doing? To answer that, we are bringing you a series of blog posts. We will look at the most selling brands in the fashion industry in the year 2016-17. Interbrand, a global brand consultancy, reported Best Global Brands of 2017. Ten luxury and apparel companies made their mark in the top 100. Each blog post would probe into these companies for environmental and social performance by highlighting their progress. Stay tuned for a bimonthly series looking into their sustainability efforts.

Stay tuned!

Anuja Sawant

Environment & Social Sustainability Specialist

Fashion Sustainability in Progress: Louis Vuitton and Dior

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This is the first article in a bimonthly series where we will look at the most selling brands in the fashion industry in the year 2016-17. Interbrand, a global brand consultancy, reported Best Global Brands of 2017. Ten luxury and apparel companies made their mark in the top 100. Each blog post would probe into these companies for environmental and social performance by highlighting their progress. Stay tuned for this bimonthly series looking into their sustainability efforts.

Ranking on Best Global Brands of 2017: LOUIS VUITTON is at 19 and DIOR is at 95 out of 100.

Fashion Transparency Index Final Score: 11-20% Brands scoring between 11-20% are likely to be publishing a majority of policies, some procedures and information about their supplier assessment and remediation processes. Total scores were out of 250 possible points, which we have converted into percentages. Fashion Revolution choses to publish percentages rather than each brands' individual scores because they felt it encourages readers to focus on emerging patterns rather than exact details.

Third party verification of report: Yes. ERNST & YOUNG et Associés.

Reporting Standard: The information set out in its document also reflects the guidelines in Version 4.0 of the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI).

LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE, better known as LVMH, is a European multinational luxury goods conglomerate, native of France and headquartered in Paris.  LVMH was one of the first groups to set up its own Environment Department – in 1992, the year of the Earth Summit in Rio. In 2017, the Group’s Environment Department will celebrate its 25th anniversary. Louis Vuitton and Dior are a part of this same group.

Insights from the its sustainability report:

Training and Employee Engagement

  • LIFE 2020 (LIFE (LVMH Initiatives For the Environment)) launched in 2016.
  • It’s Environment Academy trains employees on eco-design.
  • It’s online materials library introduces designers and developers over 300 “ecofriendly” materials.
  • Introduction of LVMH Store Environment Awards event.

Environmental Expenditure

  • In 2016, the total amount of the Group’s purely environmental expenditure was €23.8 million, including: €13.5 million in operating expenses, and €10.3 million in investments. Louis Vuitton is set to increase its environmental budget by 50% between 2016 and 2017 compared with 2016, and has decided to make significant investments in eco-design, in the environmental responsibility of its procurement chain and in managing CO2 emissions relating to the transportation of its products.

Environmental performance measurement

  • LVMH launched the second version of Edibox in 2016. This is an Internet tool developed in-house that calculates the environmental performance index (EPI) of packaging, as well as the CO2 impact of packaging materials.


  • Louis Vuitton has been involved in saving bees by supporting scientists and local voluntary organizations for several years.

Waste and resource conservation

  • New Krug box launched, a new packaging range for customers in Louis Vuitton stores, which is made out of FSC-certified paper that includes over 40% of recycled fibers.
  • To recover a portion of its waste, LVMH uses the CEDRE (Environmental Center for Environmentally-Friendly Packaging Elimination and Recycling) platform. CEDRE treated and recycled 2,023 metric tons of extremely diverse waste in 2016. Louis Vuitton, sent packaged items to the platform, including out-of-date alcohol based products, advertising materials and testers used in the stores, as well as empty packaging returned by customers, etc. Furthermore, Louis Vuitton used the platform to recycle textiles.
  • “Refills” are a way for LVMH to extend the lifespan of its products. For instance, Parfums Christian Dior has been developing this concept for many years. They began by applying it to its premium ranges. Nowadays, 80% of the serums and creams that it launches are refillable. This factor is reflected in the saving of 600,000 liters of water and about 11.6 metric tons of waste every year for the Capture Totale cream alone. Parfums Christian Dior pursued this initiative in 2016, when it marketed its new DreamSkin Perfect Skin Cushion cream in refillable packaging.
  • Louis Vuitton teams use digital models and 3-D printing, from the design stage to the industrial manufacture of the products. By offering the opportunity to view the many different possible arrays of colors and materials in a realistic manner, these tools fine-tune the preselection of the models to be prototyped and enable savings on materials.

Renewable Energy

  • Louis Vuitton uses geothermal power, for heating and cooling the staff’s common rooms and offices and intends to roll out an innovative heat recovery system at one of its sites. In Poland, Parfums Christian Dior chose LED lighting to light its new boutique that was opened in Warsaw in 2016.

Sustainable Procurement

  • Parfums Christian Dior’s formulae contain over 60% of plant-based ingredients. The Maison ensures that its procurement is sustainable in order to protect this essential asset.

Louis Vuitton and Dior in the news:

Anuja Sawant

Environment & Social Sustainability Specialist

Fashion Sustainability in Progress:H&M

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This is the 2nd article in a bimonthly series where we will look at the most selling brands in the fashion industry in the year 2016-17. Interbrand, a global brand consultancy, reported Best Global Brands of 2017. Ten luxury and apparel companies made their mark in the top 100. Each blog post would probe into these companies for environmental and social performance by highlighting their progress. Stay tuned for this bimonthly series looking into their sustainability efforts.

Ranking on Best Global Brands of 2017: H&M is at 23 out of 100.

Fashion Transparency Index Final Score: 41-50% Brands scoring over 40% are those who are most likely to be publishing more detailed supplier lists, some will be publishing processing facilities as well as manufacturers — in addition to detailed information about their policies, procedures, social and environmental goals, supplier assessment and remediation processes and general assessment findings. These brands are also more likely to be addressing the Spotlight Issues such as living wages, collective bargaining and/ or circular resources.

Third party verification of report: Yes. Ernst & Young AB.

Reporting Standard: This report is prepared in accordance with the GRI Standards: Core Option. Organizations have the choice between “in accordance – core” and “in accordance – comprehensive”, depending on the comprehensiveness of the disclosures made.

Insights from the its sustainability report:

Waste and resource conservation:

  • Collaborated with Cradle-to-Cradle Products Innovation Institute to help support industry-wide demand and supply of sustainable materials.
  • The Global Change Award innovation challenge, initiated by the H&M Foundation in 2015 aims to find new ideas to help close the loop on textiles. Each year, an expert panel annually selects five winners that share a grant of EUR 1 million and gain access to a one-year innovation accelerator provided by the H&M Foundation, Accenture and the KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm.
  • Clever Care Label: In 2016, we have also launched an extended garment care information page online. This information helps customers care for their clothes in a way that makes them last longer, including making simple repairs and washing less.
  • Conscious Exclusive, C/O Cheap Monday Capsule Collection, and Closed Loop 2016 collections are an example of how our design can be used to expand a product’s lifespan or allow for reuse and recyclability.
  • Together with the Ellen MacArthur Foundation, they have developed a tool to assess the circularity of our non-commercial goods, such as store interiors. The tool will be used from 2017 onwards and aims to increase the sustainability of the non-commercial goods we buy. The tool will also support their dialogue with suppliers, helping increase awareness of circularity in their products and processes.
  • H&M Foundation and The Hong Kong Research Institute of Textiles and Apparel (HKRITA) have entered a four-year partnership to develop the required technologies to recycle blended textiles into new fabrics and yarns.
  • Developed incentives for our customers to create positive behavioural change through the H&M Club and for those who recycle their clothes via their garment collection programme.
  • Collaborated with the innovation company Worn Again saw some promising technologies in development for textile-to-textile recycling.
  • In 2016, H&M commissioned a Life Cycle Assessment study to understand the impact of closing the loop by recycling cotton. The study showed that by using recycled cotton fibre instead of virgin cotton fibre, we can reduce climate and water impacts by 80–90% for the stages up to when the fibre is ready for spinning. Unfortunately, it is not currently possible to use more than 20% recycled cotton from collected garments in a product (because of quality issues), but they are investing in technology to overcome this challenge.

Sustainability performance

  • Collaborated with Sustainable Apparel Coalition (SAC) to build a Higg Index tool to measure the sustainability performance of apparel and footwear. The Higg Index measures environmental, social and labour impacts, presents a score and identifies areas for improvement. It was one of the first global fashion companies to roll out the facility module of the Higg Index to all of its first tier factories, followed by second tier factories that represent 56% of the H&M group’s total business volume. Over the last few years, they have developed a supplier assessment programme called the SIPP – the Sustainable Impact Partnership Programme. This is based on the Higg Index facility module as well as their own KPIs (for now).


  • In 2016, the H&M group collaborated with Control Union on a pilot traceability system for organic cotton and viscose. It is a web-based system that allows suppliers to record incoming and outgoing shipments and provide transaction records and a QR code for each one. Selected suppliers from all tiers were trained to use the system for this pilot, which enabled fibre to garment traceability. The pilot was a success and they now plan to scale up the system to cover the entire viscose supply chain over the next few years.

Sustainable procurement

  • H&M is the biggest user of responsibly sourced down.
  • H&M is the second largest user of recycled polyester in the world.
  • H&M is the world’s biggest user of Better Cotton.
  • 96% of electricity used in their own operations comes from renewable sources.
  • The H&M group works with indirectly with mills - 1,826 first tier factories of which 508 are based in EMEA and 1,318 in Southeast Asia. It works directly with organisations such as Solidaridad and the Natural Resources Defence Council (NRDC) to help mills improve their performance. In doing so, it has integrated fabric and yarn mills that are involved in making about 56% of its products into their supplier assessment system.
  • H&M is the second largest user of Tencel®Lyocell (also known as Lyocell). Lyocell is produced in a closed loop system and has a lower environmental impact than other man-made cellulosic fibres. Tencel® is a brand owned by fibre manufacturer, Lenzing. The generic name for the material is Lyocell. The H&M group considers only Tencel® manufactured by Lenzing as a conscious material.
  • In 2016, H&M helped develop the Responsible Wool Standard in a project led by the Textile Exchange. It is now working to get RWS-certified wool into their supply chain.


  • CO:LAB, an internal investment team makes investments in sustainable fashion, innovative business models and technology enablers, and looks for companies with a strategic match to our business.
  • Invested in Sellpy, a Swedish start-up that offers an on-demand service to help people sell items they no longer use, to help them develop and scale their sustainable retail concept – a new and exciting way to shop that aligns well with our own business concept of fashion and quality at the best price in a sustainable way.


  • The H&M group was one of the founding partners of the Organic Cotton Accelerator (OCA) which was launched in 2016. The OCA is a foundation created to accelerate the organic cotton market and find solutions to issues that the industry is facing.
  • They also launched its new Conscious Beauty range of organically produced products for skin, hair and body in March 2016.

Training & employee engagement

  • H&M regularly trains their design and buying office on sustainable material use. They have a specific Conscious Material Course that covers both the why and the how of their work with materials approved as ‘conscious’, as well as a company strategy for sustainable material use.
  • In 2016, a team of H&M group chemists has undergone training in Green Screen hazard assessment, a robust and transparent scientific method of identifying chemicals of high concern and suggesting safer alternatives.
  • In 2016, H&M we ran a Hazardous Substances Control training pilot for 93 suppliers in China, Bangladesh, Indonesia, India and Turkey. They compared the assessment results before and after the training and saw a significant improvement in areas relating to chemical risk identification and chemical monitoring through technical information.

Environmental performance assessment

  • The environmental emission evaluator (E cube/ BVE3) is a measurement and monitoring tool from Bureau Veritas that was launched in 2016. It helps suppliers assess their performance and proactively improve their chemical usage and discharge performance. In 2016, H&M started a pilot project at 29 suppliers in China, Bangladesh, Indonesia, India, Pakistan and Turkey to test the online version of this tool.
  • H&M received an “AVANT-GARDE” grading in Greenpeace detox assessment in 2016, which means that they are a detox-committed company that is ahead in the field leading the industry towards a toxic-free future with credible timelines, concrete actions and on-the ground implementation.


  • The H&M group became part of the ChemSec business group in 2016 – a collaboration between companies to inspire the industry to use fewer toxic chemicals.

H&M in the news:


Anuja Sawant

Environment & Social Sustainability Specialist

Fashion Sustainability in Progress: Zara

By | Sustainable Fashion, Sustainable Lifestyle | No Comments

This is the 3rd article in a bimonthly series where we will look at the most selling brands in the fashion industry in the year 2016-17. Interbrand, a global brand consultancy, reported Best Global Brands of 2017. Ten luxury and apparel companies made their mark in the top 100. Each blog post would probe into these companies for environmental and social performance by highlighting their progress. Stay tuned for this bimonthly series looking into their sustainability efforts.

Ranking on Best Global Brands of 2017: Zara is at 24 out of 100.

Fashion Transparency Index Final Score: 76-100% Only three companies have scored in this range. Levi Strauss & Co scored highest with 77. They are doing more than most other brands to communicate publicly about their supply chain practices. They seem to have many robust systems in place for tracking, tracing, monitoring and improving labour and environmental practices across the supply chain. The other two companies to score a top rating are H&M and Inditex both come in just one percentage point behind Levi's at 76%. However all the companies in this section still have a long way to go towards being fully transparent. POSITIVE STEPS TAKEN: All areas ROOM FOR IMPROVEMENT: More stakeholder engagement; better tracing of products down to sources of raw material; and even more transparent communications with the public.

Third party verification of report: Yes.  SGS ICS Ibérica, S.A.

Reporting Standard: This Report has been prepared in accordance with the GRI Standards: Comprehensive Option. Organizations have the choice between “in accordance – core” and “in accordance – comprehensive”, depending on the comprehensiveness of the disclosures made.

Insights from the its sustainability report:

Inditex is present in 94 markets -45 of them online- in all five continents, with more than 7,000 stores. Zara is one of their brands. In 2016, the Dow Jones Sustainability Index (DJSI) named Inditex the most sustainable retail company in its industry, awarding it the gold medal with a total of 97 points out of 100 in a environmental category. Inditex’s supply chain comprises over 6,900 factories which employ over 1.5 million people.


  • Inditex has invested €40 million in social programmes worldwide in the last year.

Supply chain

  • Inditex has a Code of Conduct for Manufacturers and Suppliers that is binding for its entire supply chain, which establishes standards such as the prohibition of child labour, prohibition of forced labour or freedom of association, among others.
  • Inditex not only verifies that all the workers in the factories with which it collaborates have the same opportunities and working conditions regardless of gender, but that the factories also conduct programmes for women’s empowerment.
  • A project was launched in China in collaboration with Ethical Trading Initiative and other industry brands for the development of training and awareness materials to ensure that the wages and benefits of workers are complied.
  • In 2016 a pilot project was started in Turkey with a factory of 250 workers. In this initial phase, analyses have been carried out to understand the possible causes of gender discrimination in this country. With the findings obtained, the second phase of the programme will be launched in 2017 with the aim of improving the quality of life and working conditions of working women and achieving a full awareness by the factories’ managers.
  • During 2016, Sakhi Project was conducted which is structured in two parts: Sakhi Health and Sakhi Gender Equity. Both cover two fundamental aspects of the situation of women in the Asian country: health and the prevention of situations of harassment or abuse.
  • As part of Inditex's women empowerment projects in southeast India, on specific actions against Sumangali, an abusive work practice that is deeply rooted in the region’s rural culture, Inditex regularly performs specific audits to verify that its suppliers in India do not use the Sumangali system in their facilities.
  • In 2016, programmes were established for internal migrants in China, focused on ensuring that they understand and receive the social benefits to which they are entitled.

Programmes and standards

  • Clear to Wear & Safe to Wear:  These are health and safety standards for products by the Inditex Group, of obligatory application for all of garments and incorporating the most strict and up-to-date legislation in this area.
  • Picking Programme; This is an inspection and analysis instrument designed by Inditex and adapted to its production and logistic model. Its objective is to ensure that all items that we sell comply with product health and safety standards.
  • Ready to Manufacture (RtM): a code of good manufacturing practices for textile and leather products for facilities that undertake wet processes (dyeing, washing, tanneries and printing) and that guarantees compliance with the demanding health standards of Inditex.
  • Green to Wear: This is a standard that guarantees that production processes are environmentally responsible, including criteria for evaluation and control of the supply chain.
  • Inditex supports the Partnership for Cleaner Textile in Bangladesh (PaCT). This initiative works in collaboration with the World Bank in order to improve competitiveness of the textile sector through adopting the better practice in the management of water, energy and chemical substances.
  • In 2016 Inditex joined is the Clean by Design (CBD) programme, together with the Natural Resources Defence Council (NRDC), to promote sustainability in textile production in China.

Training & employee engagement

  • Within the framework of the UK Modern Slavery Act of 2015 and the California Transparency in Supply Chains Act of 2010, activities were carried out to sensitize and train internal teams on the prohibition of forced labour. Those are part of regular training in Human Rights that the Inditex purchasing team receives. In 2016, 64 buyers were specifically trained in the prohibition of forced labour.
  • 729 buyers trained in responsible purchasing practices.
  • 164 new employees trained in sustainability.
  • 112 employees of subsidiaries trained in sustainability.
  • India: 5,951 schoolchildren have been trained in their rights.
  • India: 36 employment agencies have been trained in awareness to prevent abusive practices.
  • India: 327 volunteers have been trained to prevent abusive employment practices.
  • Turkey: Raising awareness in a factory with 250 workers.
  • China, Turkey: 18 members of the sustainability team trained in Occupational Health and Safety.
  • In 2016, the EHSA Centre of the University of Ling’nan in Guangzhou (China), specializing in environment and occupational health and safety, gave various trainings to the China sustainability team in: - Legislation on Occupational and Environmental Health and Safety - Ergonomics and occupational health and safety management systems - Electrical and machinery safety.
  • In 2016, Inditex’s Turkish sustainability team took part in advanced technical training, given by mechanical engineers linked to the Fair Labour Association Turkey.
  • In 2016, training of suppliers in aspects such as freedom of association and collective bargaining, traceability, improvement of workers’ conditions based on changes in factory production management systems, health and safety, children’s rights or systems of self-monitoring of the supply chain by the supplier was noteworthy.


  • Inditex is the only company in its sector that provides this information to a union and facilitates union access to all suppliers, which is a sign of commitment to transparency and respect for freedom of association and collective bargaining.
  • The Australian Fashion Report 2016 shows the valuation of different retailers in several aspects, including transparency. The report places Inditex in category 'A', the highest level, achieved by only seven of the 87 companies evaluated worldwide.
  • In 2016 important advances were made in raw material traceability, with new initiatives specifically aimed at the traceability of cotton. In this regard, a pilot programme has been launched involving 50 strategic suppliers in five countries with the aim of gaining visibility and more knowledge about the production processes involved, from cotton growing to fabric manufacture.
  • Different programmes and initiatives were developed with suppliers of raw materials (including cotton) to trace production and to cooperate with renowned international organizations such as Better Cotton Initiative, Textile Exchange or Organic Cotton Accelerator (OCA), a multisectoral initiative created to promote the prosperity of the organic cotton sector.

Waste and resource conservation

  • Zara became the first Inditex brand to eliminate physical receipts in its stores and for orders placed on in Spain in 2016. It is also introducing this initiative in the United States and the United Kingdom. This new paperless system will be gradually expanded to all other brands and markets in 2017.
  • Inditex maintains a long term strategy to integrate the vision of a circular economy into their business model. For this reason, projects were developed for the end of the product’s life cycle, such as Closing the Loop, which reaches employees and customers through the installation of containers for collecting garments. 100% implemented in Zara stores in Spain, Portugal, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Holland and Denmark.
  • Inditex has partnered with MIT-MISTI (International Science and Technology Initiatives) in order to conduct research to improve recycling of textile fibres from used garments. The aim is to reduce the impact on natural resources and promote circular economy.
  • Green to Pack programme aims to reduce the consumption of raw materials in packaging and to improve shipment density, increasing the amount of products transported in each shipment. Additionally, the use of more sustainable materials in packaging was encouraged, improving reuse and subsequent separation and recycling.
  • In order to lengthen the useful life of garments, a project was developed for the reuse or recycling of garments in partnership with the third sector, recycling companies and textile manufacturers.
  • Inditex incorporates recycled polyester, wool and cotton in its garments, fibres where manufacturing consumes less water, energy and natural resources than the production of new fibres. Moreover, the Group has initiated new lines of research to improve the recycling of textile fibres together with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). And through the collaboration with Austrian company Lenzing, in 2016, Refibra™Lyocell was developed, from cotton waste generated by Inditex and wood originated from forests that are managed sustainably.
  • All paper products (bags, labels, office paper, etc.) and furnishings used in activities are certified under the PEFC or FSC standards, guaranteeing that the entire process of forestry management is carried out in a sustainable and accountable way.


  • To enable customers to quickly identify the products that stand out as environmentally friendly, some Inditex brands have launched specific collections of more sustainable products. Zara identifies these products with the Join Life label, whereas in Oysho, the use of raw materials such as organic cotton, TENCEL®Lyocell or recycled materials is recognised from the Wear the Change label.
  • In 2016, the brand made progress with the commercialisation of these products, launching specific collections of these garments in all sections. In total, Zara put 42.3 million Join Life items on sale this year, representing over 5% of the entire brand collection over the year.

Energy efficiency

  • The sustainability and energy efficiency measures implemented in stores contribute savings of 20% in the case of electricity, and 40% in water consumption compared to conventional stores.
  • Clean energy sources supply 30% of worldwide energy consumption - 520 million KWh of electricity used at facilities comes from renewable sources - 89% of the electricity consumed in Spain is renewable. The use of clean electricity in facilities has grown by a factor of 10 since 2013.
  • In 2016, 520 million kWh of renewable energy was procured for offices, logistic centres and stores. This combined with the renewable generation, tri-generation and co-generation at facilities means that 30% of the energy consumed is clean, avoiding emissions derived from the production of energy using fossil fuels.
  • Increased the use of electricity from renewable sources in facilities tenfold since 2013. In Spain, where the Inditex Group is headquartered, 89% of the electricity consumed comes from renewable sources.

Sustainable procurement

  • 729 buyers have received in 2016 the socalled PrINciples training, which continues in 2017 with the IN Practice workshops, designed ad hoc for the Inditex purchasing teams. Thanks to this, the purchase from suppliers with the highest social ratings (A or B), in 2016 accounted for 95% of the total, which shows how the purchase has been oriented correctly in favour of suppliers with a highest degree of sustainability compliance
  • In the development of garments, focus is on incorporating textiles that allow reduction in environmental impact and to protect biodiversity, such as organic cotton, which does not require fertilisers or chemical pesticides, or TENCEL®Lyocell, a fiber originated from wood from forests that are managed in a sustainable way
  • Since 2013, Inditex has been a member of the Fur Free Retailer Programme by the Fur Free Alliance. Also, in 2015, it definitively rejected the production and sale of angora wool after an agreement with PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals).


  • Prevention programmes such as Clear to Wear standard and the programme The List By Inditex were updated in 2016, increasing the number of chemical substances regulated by these initiatives.
  • Commitment to reach Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals (ZDHC commitment) allows contribution to the sustainability of water. In 2016, led the work team of the ZDHC initiative in order to improve the management of wastewater, publishing the Wastewater Guidelines as a result.
  • Complete elimination of the use of PFCs in items, studying and promoting the adoption of safe alternatives.
  • Implementation of the clean factory strategy for the elimination of the use of APEOS, chemical substances mainly used in the removal of oil stains.
  • Since 2014, compliance was verified with PFC Free policy so that all of products are free from perfluorocarbons (PFCs), compounds used in the waterproof and water repelling finishes. Given that this is of obligatory compliance in supply chain, in 2016 160 direct suppliers were provided alternative sustainable solutions for these unwanted substances.
  • The List by Inditex; A pioneering global programme to improve the quality of the chemical products used in the manufacturing of textile and leather products.
  • Through manufacturing and product analyses audits and later classification, improvements in the use of these chemical substances are implemented with two objectives: Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals (environmental) and Clear to Wear (product).

Zara in the news:


Anuja Sawant

Environment & Social Sustainability Specialist

Fashion Sustainability in Progress: Hermes By Anuja

By | Sustainable Fashion, Sustainable Lifestyle | No Comments

This is the 4th article in a bimonthly series where we will look at the most selling brands in the fashion industry in the year 2016-17. Interbrand, a global brand consultancy, reported Best Global Brands of 2017. Ten luxury and apparel companies made their mark in the top 100. Each blog post would probe into these companies for environmental and social performance by highlighting their progress. Stay tuned for this bimonthly series looking into their sustainability efforts.

Ranking on  Best Global Brands of 2017:  Hermes is at 32 out of 100.

Fashion Transparency Index Final Score: 21-30% Brands scoring between 20-30% are likely to be publishing much more detailed information about their policies, procedures, social and environmental goals and supplier assessment and remediation processes.

Third party verification of report: Yes.  PricewaterhouseCoopers.

Reporting Standard: NA.

Insights from its sustainability report:

For 10 years, the Company’s sustainable development actions have been overseen by a Sustainable Development Committee.

Employee engagement

In 2016, the sites in Paris and Bobigny organised one event daily, such as:

  • distribution of fruit and vegetable baskets to meetings with beekeepers
  • clothing drives
  • wellness workshops
  • awareness raising on eco-driving
  • awareness raising on sustainable agriculture and meetings with local farmers
  • workshops on individual recycling and sorting
  • maintenance of beehives on four of sites
  • harvest and distribute honey from the hives located on the tannery grounds to its employees
  • community vegetable gardens maintained by employees
  • carpooling challenge
  • challenge with Le Relais for the collection of textiles, communications on eco-actions, book donations for children
  • urban beekeeping (introduction to bees, beekeeping and the challenges of pollination, as well as a honey tasting)
  • urban agro-ecology (the principles of agro-ecology and learning how to create one’s own vegetable garden)
  • promoting biodiversity (presentation of the various habitats required to preserve biodiversity)
  • organic breakfast featuring local products
  • conservation of a protected local species, the pearl mussel
  • “Just dive in!” programme: These exchanges between the general public and the employees of the production unit provided an opportunity to discuss the site’s water-conservation context and the installation of phytotreatment basins recently renovated by the production unit.
  • At the end of 2016, all employees in the craftsmanship division took part in an interactive training day on awareness of the body and its role, “Un corps pour la vie” (“A body for life”). This fun health awareness module was delivered to artisans at the production units and employees in administrative roles. It is the first step of a commitment to healthy living every day.


  • In 2016 the Group developed a diversity management and anti-discrimination training programme, which will be rolled out among local managers throughout 2017.
  • In 2016, HTH continued to support the Handysoie partner company, in collaboration with an ESAT, which employs disabled staff for making textile products.


  • The programme for measuring employee exposure to certain chemical agents, which began in 2015, continued at the Vivoin, Montereau, Cuneo and Annonay sites.


  • Hermès launched a study in collaboration with an external partner to evaluate the social and environmental footprint of the supply line for alligator skins in the United States, with conclusions expected in 2017.

Resource and waste management

  • Refurbishing the tank furnace, one of the big projects at cristallerie SaintLouis in 2016, was an opportunity to optimise our main melting tool for manufacturing, and it launched operations in November. The technology chosen will enable a reduction in the consumption of raw materials of approximately 20%.
  • A study of potential improvements to the SIEGL effluent treatment plant was undertaken in 2016. The aim is to improve performance in processing waste and to increase the proportion of recycled water put back into processes.
  • In Hong Kong, donations were made to “Food Angel”, an NGO involved in the fight against food waste and hunger in the region. Thus, unsold and leftover food from local retailers and restaurants was redistributed to disadvantaged communities in the form of hot meals. Volunteers from the office and stores also helped collect food leftovers for “Bread Run”, the leading food bank for people in need. The subsidiary continued its support for “Lunch Club” with donations and employees helping out at this restaurant for people in difficulty

Other initiatives:

  • the use of brass is banned and replaced by aluminium, in order to reduce the weight of furniture and simplify recycling;
  • pure wool carpets are laid using a plant-based adhesive, so that they can be recycled when replaced


  • In India, the Hermès subsidiary chose to give 2% of its income (as required under Indian law) to the “News” NGO in 2016. News is active in the fight to protect nature, the environment and wildlife. The contribution was aimed at supporting aquaculture/fish farming development projects in Sundarban villages in the Bay of Bengal.
  • The type of wood used for the floors in stores is selected from locally available species.
  • In 2016, the nine sustainability projects impacted the lives of over 1 million people, and contributed to replanting more than 120 million trees.


  • For several years, the Company has been involved in a certification process (the Responsible Jewellery Council - RJC) to guarantee the best traceability for production and purchasing for our jewellery. This certification must be regularly renewed through audits performed by RJC throughout the chain, from production through to distribution. This renewal of the certification took place in 2016. This makes it possible to offer the best environmental and social guarantees regarding the conditions in which precious materials are sourced.

Energy efficiency

  • All the French sites (production, services, stores) are now supplied with green energy, mainly hydro, produced locally.
  • In 2016, in addition to the new stores, relamping with LED systems continued on the global network of existing stores, bringing the total proportion of Hermès stores equipped with LED systems to 55%.
  • Measures have been taken to reduce energy consumption, such as the removal of halogen lights and the installation of LED systems on the last of the decoration workshop workstations as well as on all brush workshop workstations.
  • Other initiatives (installation of electricity consumption sub-meters and motion detector systems in fitting rooms, washrooms and back offices) were taken on all new store projects in 2016.


  • A budget of €0.5 million has been invested in various projects to improve the production unit’s performance in terms of hygiene, ergonomics, safety, working conditions and the environment.
  • A total of €0.65 million was devoted to the prevention of environmental risks and pollution in 2016. Most of this investment went towards the optimisation of sites’ water treatment plants.

Hermes in the news:


Anuja Sawant

Environment & Social Sustainability Specialist